7 de jun de 2011

34 Radio Guide

Neste módulo, você vai encontrar uma transcrição de um programa de rádio. Acompanham o texto algumas questões (com sugestões de respostas), além de material de apoio (vocabulário e apostila gramatical) e material complementar (vídeos, jogos, animações, etc.). A apostila gramatical deste módulo aborda o modal should - giving advices. Bons estudos!

Radio Guide– What’s the problem?
Weekdays from 8.00 to 8.45 p.m.

This is a daily advice program with Julian Greenwood. Whatever your problem, call the program and ask for help. Listeners can e-mail their suggestions to the What’s the problem? website.
Today’s subject is: Friends.
Presenter: Welcome to this morning’s edition of What’s the problem? Today we’re talking about friends, so if you have a problem with one of your friends, call us now. And if you’re listening to the program and you think you can help with any of the problems then just send an e-mail to our website. Our e-mail address is what.problem@radiotalk.com. Our first caller today is Barbara. Hello, Barbara.
Barbara: Hello.
Presenter: What’s the problem?
Barbara:  Well, I have a problem with a friend called Jonathan (that’s not his real name). Well, Jonathan often goes out with me and my friends. The problem is that he’s really mean. He never pays for anything. When we have a drink he always says he doesn’t have any money or he’s forgotten his money. So, in the end one of us always pays for him. At first we thought, “Poor Jonathan, he doesn’t have much money.” But it’s not true. His parents work, and he works on Saturdays in a shop, so he must have some money. Do you think we should say something to him?

1. Hi Barbara,
You definitely shouldn’t pay for him. When the waiter brings the bill, pretend that nobody has money to pay for him. Then he’ll have to make an excuse to the waiter and maybe he’ll learn that he has to pay for himself.

Presenter: OK, our next caller is Kevin from Birminghan.
Kevin: My problem is with my best friend. Well, the thing is, he’s always flirting with my girlfriend. When the three of us are together he always says things to my girlfriend like, “Wow! You look fantastic today”, or “I love your dress, Suzanna”, things like that. And when we’re at parties he often asks her to dance. I’m really angry about it. What can I do?

2. Hi Kevin,
I think you should talk to your girlfriend, not your friend. She might like the way your friend treats her. Perhaps that’s why he does it. Why don’t you tell her to ask him to stop it?

Presenter: And our last caller is Catherine. OK, Catherine, what’s your problem?
Catherine: Hello. I live at the university campus. I live in a flat and I share a room with this girl. She’s really nice. I get on very well with her, but there’s one big problem. She always borrows things from me without telling. First it was CDs and books, but now she has started taking my clothes as well, sweaters, jacket and things. Yesterday she took a white sweater of mine and she didn’t tell me. So when I wanted to wear it this afternoon it was dirty. I don’t want to lose her as friend, but what should I do?

3. Dear Catherine,
When your friend gets home tonight I think you should talk to her. Say “I’m really sorry but I’m a bit obsessive about my things. I don’t like other people touching them”. That way she’ll stop it but she won't get angry or offended.

(texto retirado de New English File)

1 – Qual o problema apresentado por:
a) Barbara?
b) Kevin?
c) Catherine?
2 – Qual foi a sugestão de:
a) Martyn?
b) Malcom?
c) Sandy?
3 – Por que Catherine estava apreensiva em conversar com a amiga sobre o problema?
4 – Com que frequência esse programa de rádio é apresentado?
5  –  Analise os trechos:
You definitely shouldn’t pay for him.
I think you should talk to your girlfriend, not your friend.
When your friend gets home tonight I think you should talk to her.
Que palavra presente nas três frases nos faz perceber que elas são conselhos?

RESPOSTAS SUGERIDAS (clique em "exibir")

1 – a) Barbara diz que seu amigo "Jonathan" nunca ajuda a pagar as contas quando saem com os amigos. Ele diz que não tem dinheiro ou que esqueceu a carteira. Ela gostaria de saber se deveriam falar algo sobre isso para Jonathan.
b) Kevin tem um problema com seu melhor amigo. Ele parece estar flertando com a namorada de Kevin ao fazer certos elogios, o que deixa Kevin desconfortável e irritado.
c) Catherine está incomodada porque sua colega de quarto pega suas coisas sem pedir ou sem avisar. Ela não quer perdê-la como amiga, mas não está gostando desta situação.
2 – a) Martyn diz que Barbara e seus amigos não deveriam pagar pelo "Jonathan". Ele sugere que, quando saírem, finjam não ter dinheiro e digam que é a vez de "Jonathan" para que ele aprenda a pagar por si mesmo.
b) Malcom diz a Kevin que ele deveria conversar com sua namorada, não com seu melhor amigo. Ele sugere que Kevin diga a ela que peça ao amigo para parar com esse tipo de tratamento.
c) Sandy diz que Catherine deveria falar com sua amiga e dizer que é um pouco obsessiva por suas coisas e que não gostaria de ver alguém pegando essas coisas sem permissão.
3 – Porque ela não gostaria de perder a amizade da moça, mas também não gostaria que ela se ofendesse ao falar do problema que a incomoda.
4 –  O programa é apresentado nos dias da semana das 8h às 8:45h.
5 – A palavra should é comum nas três fases e dá a ideia de um verbo usado para dar conselho, como "dever".


Glossário monolíngue (inglês-inglês)

advice: an opinion which someone offers you about what you should do or how you should act in a particular situation.
always: every time.
angry: having a strong feeling against someone who has behaved badly, making you want to shout at them or hurt them.
bill: a request for payment of money owed, or the piece of paper on which it is written.
bit: slightly.
borrow: to get or receive something from someone with the intention of giving it back after a period of time.
call: to telephone someone.
clothes: things such as dresses and trousers that you wear to cover, protect or decorate your body.
daily: happening on or relating to every day.
dear: used at the beginning of a letter to greet the person you are writing to.
definitely: without any doubt.
dirty: not clean.
flat: apartment.
flirt: to behave as if sexually attracted to someone, although not seriously.
forget (participle: forgotten): to be unable to remember a fact, something that happened, or how to do something.
last: after everyone or everything else.
look: to appear, to seem.
lose: to no longer have something because you do not know where it is, or because it has been taken away from you.
maybe: used to show that something is possible or that something might be true.
mean: not willing to give or share things, especially money.
might: used to express the possibility that something is true although not very likely.
must: used to show that it is necessary or very important that something happens.
often: many times.
parties: social events where a group of people meet to talk, eat, drink, dance, etc., often in order to celebrate a special occasion.
pay: to give money to someone for something you want to buy or for services provided.
perhaps: used to show that something is possible or that you are not certain about something.
poor: deserving sympathy.
pretend: to behave as if something is true when you know that it is not.
say: to pronounce words.
share: to have or use something at the same time as someone else, to divide.
take: to remove something, especially without permission.
tell: to say something to someone.
then: next, after that.
think (past: thought): to believe something or have an opinion or idea.
touch: to put your hand or another part of your body lightly onto and off something or someone.
treat: to behave towards someone or deal with something in a particular way.
true: right and not wrong, correct.
waiter: a man whose job is to bring the food to customers at their tables in a restaurant.
wear: to have clothing, jewellery, etc. on your body.
whatever: anything or everything.
without: not having or doing something, lacking? something.
yesterday: on the day before today.
get home: to arrive home.
get on: if two or more people get on, they like each other and are friendly to each other.
go out: to leave a room or building, especially in order to do something for entertainment.
have a drink: to drink something.
make an excuse: to give false reasons why you cannot do something.

Glossário bilíngue (inglês-português)

advice: conselho.
always: sempre.
angry: bravo, com raiva.
bill: conta.
bit: um pouco.
borrow: pegar emprestado.
call: ligar.
clothes: roupas.
daily: diariamente.
dear: caro, cara.
definitely: definitivamente.
dirty: sujo.
flat: apartamento.
flirt: flertar.
forget (particípio: forgotten): esquecer.
last: último, última.
look: parecer, aparentar.
lose: perder.
maybe: talvez.
mean: mesquinho, avaro.
might: poder (verbo).
must: dever (verbo).
often: frequentemente.
parties: festas.
pay: pagar com dinheiro.
perhaps: talvez.
poor: pobre.
pretend: fingir.
say: dizer.
share: dividir.
take: pegar.
tell: dizer, contar.
then: então.
think (passado: thought): achar, pensar.
touch: tocar.
treat: tratar.
true: verdadeiro, verdadeira.
waiter: garçom.
wear: vestir.
whatever: qualquer que seja.
without: sem.
yesterday: ontem.
get home: chegar em casa.
get on: relacionar-se.
go out: sair para se divertir.
have a drink: beber alguma coisa.
make an excuse: inventar uma desculpa.


Should – Giving Advices (Dando conselhos)

O modal Should pode expressar a ideia de um conselho, obrigação, dever, probabilidade e a lembrança de um dever no presente e no futuro. Nesta apostila gramatical, vamos entender o funcionamento desse modal para dar conselhos:

I think you should talk to her.
(Eu acho que você deveria falar com ela.)

I think you should talk to your girlfriend about this.
(Eu acho que você deveria falar com sua namorada sobre isso.)

You shouldn’t pay for him.
(Vocês não deveriam pagar por e ele.)

Sujeito Should Verbo
Sujeito + Should not/ Shouldn’t + Verbo
Should/Shouldn’t + Sujeito + Verbo
You should talk to her.
You shouldn’t talk to her.
Should talk to her?
Shouldn’t you talk to her?

Mais exemplos:

You shouldn’t let her take your clothes without telling you.
(Você não deveria deixá-la pegar suas roupas sem dizer a você.)

Should I tell him that he’s being annoying?
(Eu deveria dizer para ele que está sendo irritante?)

They should call the What’s the problem?.
(Eles deveriam ligar para o What’s the problem?.)

We shouldn’t let him get out without paying.
(Nós não deveríamos deixá-lo sair sem pagar.)

OBS: O modal OUGHT TO também possui as mesmas características do SHOULD, porém é menos frequente e mais formal.


1. Escolha a alternativa correta
Para cada pergunta haverá somente uma resposta correta. Procure por ela e então escolha um dos envelopes e continue a jogar. Na rodada seguinte, você poderá escolher mais um envelope e poderá decidir se quer trocá-lo pelo que já havia escolhido ou não. O objetivo é conseguir a maior nota possível contra os examinadores. Divirta-se e boa sorte!

2. Relacione
Arraste os comentários da coluna da direita para a frente das frases à esquerda. Tente encontrar os pares de problema/conselho. Boa sorte!

3. Complete as frases
Arraste os modais Should e Shouldn't nos espaços em amarelo para completar as frases. Boa sorte!

4. Relacione
A coluna da direita é formada por comentários que respondem aos conselhos da coluna à esquerda. Tente encontrar os pares e arraste os comentários para relacioná-los. Bons estudos!

5. Coloque em ordem
Arraste as palavras para a linha azul mais escura na ordem em que elas formam a frase para praticar seus conhecimentos de estrutura nas frases com o modal Should. Bons estudos!


Quiz: Exercite seus conhecimentos sobre o modal should. Escolha a alternativa correta para cada questão.

Música: Ouça a música Should I stay or should I go da banda The Clash para praticar listening com o modal should.

Exercícios: Complete as lacunas das frases com as formas do modal should. Bons estudos!

Quiz: Neste exercício você tem 5 minutos para completar as lacunas. Boa sorte!

História: Acompanhe a história de dois irmãos que acabam em uma situação problemática e ajude-os a decidir o que fazer.


4. Dicionário monolíngue online - Cambridge

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